If someone injures a muscle, joint, or bone:
1 Call 9-1-1 to activate EMS, if necessary.
2 Do not attempt to move or reposition a victim with a serious muscular, bone or joint injury.
3 For a minor injury, apply a mixture of ice and water in a plastic bag to the injured area, making sure to place a thin towel or other cloth between the mixture and the skin to prevent freezing of skin. Apply ice for 10-20 minutes at a time, to prevent skin from becoming too cold.
4 If the injury includes open skin, cover the wound with a dressing. Do not attempt to push protruding bones or tissue back into the skin.
Disclaimer: The Emergency Guide is provided as a reference only. Every effort has been taken to acquire and publish accurate information provided by medical authorities. In case of emergency, always call or have someone CALL 9-1-1.