The following steps should be used in conjunction with appropriate training provided by health services such as the HSA or Cayman Islands Red Cross.
1. Make sure the scene is safe.
2. Tap and shout.
· Check to see if the infant responds.
· If the infant doesn’t respond proceed to step 3.
3. Yell for help.
· See if someone can help you.
· Have that person dial 9-1-1.
4. Check breathing.
· Make sure the infant is on a firm flat surface. If possible use a surface above the ground.
· See if the infant isn’t breathing or is only gasping.
No response + No breathing or only gasping = GIVE CPR
5. Give CPR. Give 5 sets of 30 compressions and 2 breaths (covering the infant’s mouth and nose with your mouth) and then phone 9-1-1 if no one has phoned yet.
- Move clothes out of the way.
- Place 2 fingers just below the nipple line.
- Push straight down about 1.5 inches at a rate of at least 100 compressions a minute.
- After each compression, let the chest come back up to its normal position.
- After 30 compressions, open the airway with a slight head tilt/chin lift.
- After the airway is open, take a normal breath.
- Cover the infant’s mouth and nose with your mouth.
- Give 2 breaths (blow for 1 second each). Watch for the chest to begin to rise as you give each breath.
6. Keep going.
· Keep giving sets of 30 compressions and 2 breaths until the infant starts to breath or move, or until someone with more advanced training arrives and takes over.